Where: Lakonia, Greece (37.0° N, 22.6° E: paleocoordinates 37.0° N, 22.6° E)
• coordinate based on nearby landmark
When: Middle Pleistocene to Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.0 Ma)
• The Apidima caves are karstic formations within the Middle Triassic-Late Eocene limestone (Plattenhalk) of depth 500m, from 4m to 24m above sea level, in a vertical zone of depth 20m. Very thick and cohesive breccia up to 23m above sea level. Dated using ESR on Travertine and calcite fossils - two samples with dates of 250-450,000 and 200-300,000BP. "As the Apidima fauna is stratigraphically mixed, careful interpretation is required"
Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils
Collection methods: bulk,
• total of 20,000 specimens is for all four cave sites. Material stored in the Museum of Anthropology, Athens University.
Primary reference: E. Tsoukala. 1999. Quaternary large mammals from the Apidima Caves (Lakonia, S. Peloponnese, Greece. Beitraege zur palaeontologie 24:207-229 [K. Behrensmeyer/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan] more details
Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis
PaleoDB collection 32062: authorized by Kay Behrensmeyer, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 03.06.2003, edited by Denne Reed